Education is the foundation of tomorrow’s world ?… Yes, school, in addition to giving knowledge, is supposed to prepare for life and instill values. This is especially true in the Land of the Rising Sun.
if heschool in japan he knows himself to be very demanding and selective, he teaches useful values such as community life, respect for others and a sense of responsibility.
Focus on the formidable and inspiring Japanese school system. ?♀️
? The school system in Japan
School in Japan, as in many developed countries, is secular and compulsory from the ages of 6 to 15. In addition, the japanese school curriculum It includes primary, secondary and higher education, mixing public and private establishments.
Fuji Kindergarten – Tokyo Source: afilii.com
There are two types of kindergartens in Japan: the yochien (kindergarten) qui dépend du Ministry of national education and the hoi kuen (保育園), a child care center under the Ministry of Health. The kindergarten welcomes children from 3 to 6 years old. Games, songs, dances, coloring, reading stories, outings, the activities are varied and suitable for the little ones.
From an early age, Japanese children learn community life. To do this, they take off their shoes at the entrance of the establishment so as not to dirty the common areas and acquire the habit of putting away their toys. In the archipelago, young schoolchildren are often seen assign responsibilities such as watering the garden or taking care of the class hamster.
a Tokyo, a revolutionary kindergarten Opened its doors. It is a circular structure without walls, completely open to the outside and to nature. HAS fuji kindergartenchildren are free to go to other classes at any time.
? elementary school
Credit: REUTERS/Carlos Barria
Beginning at 6 years, education becomes compulsory and the children go to primary school Shogako (小学校) until his twelfth birthday. In Japan, elementary schools are particularly well equipped. It is not uncommon to find a swimming pool, a laboratory, sports centers or music rooms to welcome children duringextracurricular activities. School starts in the morning at 8:30 am and ends early in the afternoon, which makes it possible to do other things after class. Thus, many children practice sports and artistic activities. There is no dining room here… meals are made directly in the classroom. They are healthy and balanced; perfect for learn to eat well from the youngest age.
During these six years of primary school, Japanese youth learn to be responsible for their affairs and respect the rules of courtesy. Thus, they clean their classroom and common areas. Likewise, they go to school alone, all wearing the same hat and a bag called ” randoseru ».
college or chugakko (中学校) in Japanese, spans three years. From 12 to 15 years old, students work six hours a day with ten-minute breaks between each lesson. Like the French education system, students have one teacher per subject. Of the University, the workload is really very important and the students compete. That is why many children take extra classes after school. University students have a hard life in the archipelago. Added to this is bullying among students, which is particularly prevalent in Japan. Fortunately, after-school club activities allow release the pressure in a good spirit of camaraderie.
Japanese teenagers enter high school (Size 高校) at the age of 15 and continue a three-year cycle with many exams. The days have 6 to 8 hours of classes cut for lunch. Generally, students bring a bento. While most high schools are coeducational in the Land of the Rising Sun, there are still girls’ and boys’ high schools.
? University and Grandes Ecoles
to access to university (Daigaku 大学), students must obtain the daigakenyugakehigun : a capital diploma for students, which causes a lot of stress. Indeed, your professional future is played here. Depending on the results, the young people may or may not enter the course of their choice. In Japan, university studies last 4 years for a Bachelor’s degree, 6 years for a Master’s degree and 9 years for a Ph.D.
? School in Japan: the differences with France
If the school in Japan resembles the school in France in certain respects, there are, however, marked differenceseither in terms of learning, academic pace or instilled values.
? Learning based on memorization
The French educational system tries cultivate an analytical mind while in Japan, students follow a master teaching and learning is based on the method of ” memory “. The problem is that Japanese youth are not encouraged to develop their critical sense or even your spirit of initiative. Thus, some may find themselves in difficulties as soon as they face situations that are out of their routines.
? School rhythm in Japan
In the archipelago, the school year does not start in September, but in April and ends in Mars. Yes, back to school always takes place on April 1, during Cherry Blossom. In Japan, the school year consists of three quarters separated by summer, Christmas and spring break. Since college, the year is divided into two semesters. Keep in mind that the Japanese are not lucky enough to have as many vacations as the French. On the other hand, classes end earlier, especially in colleges and primary schools.
?? Japanese School Uniforms
the use of uniform it is commonplace in schools, especially in Japanese middle and high schools. Because of its culture, the country is an expert in collective life and advocates a certain conformism. If the uniform is highly regarded by the students, it can also be seen as a lack of freedom and sometimes causes scandals. In fact, sometimes the concept is taken to the extreme and we argue about the length of the skirts or the color of the hair. In addition, in some establishments girls cannot wear pantyhose even if it is very cold. Which is still not very comfortable. ?♀️
⚽ Teaching and extracurricular activities
In Japanese schools, specific subjects supplement general education. In addition to math, science, Japanese language…students learn traditional arts such as calligraphy and poetry. Likewise, teachers prepare the new generations for collective life with moral and social education, etc.
As we have seen before, Japanese children and students always engage in extracurricular activities after school or on weekends. They join sports, artistic or cultural clubs I call bukatsu and participate in national competitions.
?♂️ Rigor, discipline and elitism
At school there are many Japanese society pressure. In the archipelago we do not repeat years and we do not skip classes. Finally, the level of language is different according to the hierarchy of the person to whom it is addressed. As a result, students very quickly learn to obey the elders and those with more experience.
In Japan, the academic record is decisive for admission to highly qualified establishments. the rating system meanwhile, it works on the percentage principle. Admission to university, high school, college and even primary school is conditioned by contest, which leads to a certain elitism. You should know that the job market is largely based on the reputation of the universities. Therefore, it is not surprising that many students take night classes (after all).
And you, what do you think of japanese school system ?